human expression and creativity, in all cultures.
The world also witnessed an age when literature
and poetry occupied pride of position, similar to that
now enjoyed by science and technology.
Even non-Muslim scholars agree that the Qur’an is
Arabic literature par excellence – that it is the best
Arabic literature on the face of the earth. The Qur’an
challenges mankind to produce the likes of it:
“And if ye are in doubt
as to what We have revealed
from time to time to Our servant,
then produce a Surah like
and call your witnesses or helpers
(if there are any) besides Allah,
if your (doubts) are true.
“But if ye cannot –
and of a surety you cannot –
then fear the Fire
whose fuel is Men and Stones –
which is prepared for those
who reject Faith.”
The challenge of the Qur’an, is to produce a single
Surah (chapter) like the Surahs it contains. The same
challenge is repeated in the Qur’an several times.
The challenge to produce a Surah, which, in beauty,
eloquence, depth and meaning is at least somewhat
similar to a Qur’anic Surah remains unmet to this day.
A modern rational man, however, would never accept
a religious scripture which says, in the best possible
poetic language, that the world is flat. This is because
we live in an age, where human reason, logic and science
are given primacy. Not many would accept the Qur’an’s
extraordinarily beautiful language, as proof of its
Divine origin. Any scripture claiming to be a divine
revelation must also be acceptable on the strength of its
own reason and logic.
According to the famous physicist and Nobel Prize
winner, Albert Einstein, “Science without religion is
lame. Religion without science is blind.” Let us therefore
study the Qur’an, and analyze whether the Qur’an and
Modern Science are compatible or incompatible?
The Qur’an is not a book of Science but a book of
‘Signs’, i.e. Aayaats. There are more than six thousand
‘Signs’ in the Qur’an of which more than a thousand
deal with hard core Science.
We all know that many a times Science takes a ‘U-turn’.
In this book I have considered only established scientific
facts and not hypotheses and theories based on mere
assumptions and not backed by proof.
(1) Al-Qur’an 2:23-24 indicates Surah or Chapter No. 2 and Aayaat
or Verses 23 and 24. The same notation is followed throughout
this book. References and translation of the Qur’an are from
the translation of the Qur’an by Abdullah Yusuf Ali, new revised
edition, 1989, published by Amana Corporation, Maryland, USA.
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